Angelfish Care Sheet

AngelfishDescription and Characteristics
SizeUp to 6inches or 15cm
Fish HardinessFairly easy to keep
Water Temperature75.2 to 86°F or 24 to 30°C
Water Ph6.0 to 8.0 pH
Water Hardness5 to 13 dH
Peaceful or AggressivePeaceful in general but can become territorial and will eat smaller fish
Number of same species in tankTwo or more
Community FishYes but do not put fish known to be fin nippers with them in the same fish tank
SexesCan only really be determined when observing spawning
StrataMostly Middle
FoodFlakes, Mosquito Larvae and Brine Shrimp
BreedingFairly easy to breed
Breeding temperature80.6°F or 27°C
Other namesNumerous due to color variations
Scientific namePterophyllum scalare
Lifespan10 years and older

Ideal Conditions for an Angelfish


The Angelfish is another species from my Tropical Fish Index. Very distinct are their extended dorsal and anal fins as well as the long and thin pelvic fins. As with the Discus Fish they are found in a variety of colors.


They are aggressive towards smaller and long finned fish for example Guppies, and will also be aggressive and territorial towards other Angels, especially when breeding. This aggression towards other Angels is better managed in larger, taller and well planted aquariums.


They do fit into a community aquarium setup but select the other species with caution. Rather stick to species like the larger Tetra species, Gouramis, Plecos and Corydoras.


They can be fed a diet of mainly flake food supplemented with other foods like blood worms and brine shrimp.


Once two Angels have paired off, breeding can be stimulated by increasing the water temperature to 80.6°F or 27°C. A pH of 7 is ideal and a partial water change may also encourage them to spawn. They will spawn on rocks, glass or leaves. Both parents look after the eggs that will hatch within a couple of days. The fry remain attached to the yolk sacs for about a week after which they become free swimming. 
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